Marcy Resnik is a divorce and litigation attorney. She practices in the areas of commercial litigation, mortgage foreclosure and family law, and serves clients in Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Boca Raton, West Palm Beach, and throughout the state of Florida. When it comes to the complex world of employment, both employees and employers face a myriad of legal issues that can be challenging to navigate. Understanding these common employment law issues is crucial for ensuring a fair and harmonious work environment. In this article, we will explore the top five most common employment law issues that arise in the workplace, shedding light on their impact and offering insights on how to handle them effectively.

Discrimination and Harassment

Discrimination and harassment continue to be significant concerns in the workplace, despite the progress made in promoting equality and diversity. Employees have the right to work in an environment free from discrimination based on race, gender, age, religion, disability, or any other protected characteristic. Similarly, they should not endure any form of harassment, including verbal, physical, or sexual.

To combat discrimination and harassment effectively, employers must establish and enforce strict anti-discrimination and anti-harassment policies. This includes providing comprehensive training for employees and management, fostering an inclusive culture, and promptly addressing any complaints or incidents that arise. By creating a safe and respectful work environment, employers can mitigate the risks associated with these issues.

Wage and Hour Disputes

Wage and hour disputes are a common employment law issue that arises when employees feel their rights to fair compensation are being violated. These disputes may involve matters such as minimum wage violations, unpaid overtime, misclassification of employees, and illegal deductions from wages.

To avoid wage and hour disputes, employers must ensure compliance with applicable labor laws and regulations. This includes accurately classifying employees as exempt or non-exempt, maintaining accurate records of hours worked, and adhering to minimum wage and overtime requirements. By doing so, employers can minimize the risk of costly legal actions and foster trust with their workforce.

Wrongful Termination

While employment in most jurisdictions is considered “at-will,” meaning employers can terminate employees for any reason as long as it’s not illegal, there are exceptions that protect employees from wrongful termination. These exceptions include termination based on discriminatory factors, retaliation for whistleblowing, or dismissal in violation of an employment contract.

To avoid wrongful termination claims, employers should clearly communicate their termination policies and reasons for dismissal. Additionally, it’s crucial to document employee performance issues, provide warnings when necessary, and conduct fair and unbiased investigations before taking any termination decisions. By following due process and treating employees fairly, employers can minimize the risk of wrongful termination claims.

Workplace Safety and Health

Maintaining a safe and healthy work environment is a legal obligation for employers. Workplace safety and health issues encompass a broad range of concerns, including physical hazards, inadequate training, failure to comply with safety regulations, and insufficient measures to prevent accidents and injuries.

To address workplace safety and health issues, employers must conduct regular risk assessments, provide adequate safety training, implement safety protocols, and ensure compliance with local health and safety regulations. Furthermore, employers should encourage employees to report any safety concerns promptly and take prompt action to address them. By prioritizing workplace safety, employers can protect their employees and avoid legal liabilities.

Family and Medical Leave

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) violations are another common employment law issue that employers must navigate. The FMLA provides eligible employees with the right to take unpaid leave for specific family and medical reasons, such as the birth or adoption of a child, caring for a family member with a serious health condition, or the employee’s own serious health condition.

To comply with the FMLA, employers should inform employees about their rights and responsibilities under the law, maintain accurate records of leave taken, and ensure job protection for employees who avail themselves of FMLA leave. It is crucial to have clear policies and procedures in place to handle FMLA requests and to prevent any retaliation against employees who exercise their rights under the law.


Navigating the complexities of employment law is essential for both employees and employers. By understanding and addressing the top five most common employment law issues—discrimination and harassment, wage and hour disputes, wrongful termination, workplace safety and health, and family and medical leave—employers can foster a fair and compliant work environment while minimizing legal risks.

To effectively address these issues, employers should invest in comprehensive training, establish clear policies and procedures, maintain accurate records, and foster a culture of inclusion, respect, and safety. Additionally, seeking legal counsel and staying up to date with the latest developments in employment law can further support employers in mitigating risks and ensuring compliance.

By prioritizing legal compliance and treating employees fairly, employers can not only create a harmonious workplace but also safeguard their reputation and protect themselves from potentially costly legal consequences.